The Framework For Governance
The constitution of the country describes the role of the different levels of government. It is responsible for ascribing the duties of everyone in the country. With the constitution, there is a delineation of powers and duties. The executive knows what to do and the parliament knows what to do. This makes for a good separation of power in the government. The Australian constitution sets out the roles of the government and also the framework by which the government operates. There is a need for a constitution in a state to ensure that everything is adequate and the roles are well-delineated.
The constitution is comprehensive and it covers all there is to know about the government. This makes everyone aware of rights and obligations. With such in place, the government can be challenged when the government is going out of line. Similarly, the constitution sets out the rights and the citizens. This makes the document the book of references when the rights of a citizen has been trampled upon. The constitution is a document to make recourse to when citizens have to seek redress in a court of law. Essentially, the constitution is what brings about the understanding of power structure in a country. It details the way power is applied and the importance of execution in accordance with the provisions of the constitution.
The need for a constitution came after the need to unite into a federation. Prior to that period, people lived with their culture and were guided solely by that. However, in the late 1800s, colonies began to have their parliaments through which they deliberate decision making and make certain crucial laws. This was, regardless, subject to the overall decision by the British Parliament. By the 1890s, there were several meetings held to decide the need for federation. The meetings were called conventions and they were in a number. Following these conventions, the constitution was drafted to guide the federation, ensuring that all interests were represented and an appropriate power structure was set in place.
The approval of the constitution was based on a referendum. However, that was not the ultimate approval, as the constitution required the approval of the British parliament. There are several features of the constitution that should be known. These features are what makes the constitution an important tool in governing the country, because they make for the frameworks and structure of the country. The constitution of Australia has 8 chapters divided into 128 sections. It sets the framework for the government’s operation in the country.
There is the Australian parliament charged with the responsibility of making laws and decisions for the country.
The parliament is also a bicameral legislature with two houses that are in charge of the country’s decision-making progress.
The constitution also makes provision for the six state governments that all have the responsibility for state matters. The constitution also provides for the power sharing arrangement that works for the country and its objectives.